Stretch marks are not only common in pregnant women, but also after giving birth. According to statistics, more than half of women after giving birth suffer from stretch marks. Therefore, during pregnancy and postpartum, you need a special regimen to take care of your skin.
What is stretching skin?
Stretch marks are small stretch marks of thin and weak skin that occur when the skin is not stretched enough to adapt to changes in the body.
Causes of stretch marks appear in the dermis. This is the layer that functions to bring elasticity to the skin. When this skin layer is stretched for a long time, the skin becomes less elastic and the connective tissues are broken down, creating stretch marks. Stretch marks are formed through two periods. Initially red, purple red streaks, with or without itching. Next, the skin turns white and forms concave incisions (which is the time to create stretch marks), a pretty clear contrast between normal skin and stretch marks.
The cracks are common in weak skin areas such as chest, abdomen, buttocks, thighs, calves.
Causes of stretch marks
Postpartum stretching is a skin condition damaged by excessive stretching. The most obvious manifestation of stretch marks is long white, purple or red furrows. There are many causes of stretch marks after giving birth that women are easy to encounter:
Weight gain too fast
During pregnancy, the mother’s body increases rapidly in both size and weight. Therefore, the skin surface will suddenly stretch, not adapting to the growth rate of the body. The collagen and elastin fibers under the skin are broken, causing stretch marks.
If someone in the family has stretch marks from a young age, the likelihood of postpartum stretch marks is quite high. This factor belongs to genetics and congenital skin structure. There are people from a young age skin appeared white stretch marks.
Pregnant when too young or old
Pregnant age is also one of the causes of postpartum stretch marks that few women know. Stretch marks are not only seen in pregnant women but even girls of puberty are prone to stretch marks. When pregnant at a very young age, skin structure is not really stable. Therefore, stretch marks will easily appear. When pregnant at a very high age, the skin is aging, the skin elasticity is poor.
Dry skin and lack of nutrients
The aging rate of dry skin is faster than that of oily skin. Usually, the sisters only pay attention to face care but ignore the body moisturizer. Therefore, the skin of the abdomen, chest, buttocks and thighs does not have the necessary moisture. Skin elasticity and elasticity will be less, easily lead to stretch marks.
Pregnant mothers who exercise regularly before and during pregnancy have a lower rate of stretch marks than others. When exercising, blood is circulated steadily, muscles and skin are continuously dilated. Pregnant mothers can choose gentle exercises during pregnancy such as yoga and walking.
Expression postpartum stretch marks
Stretch marks appear from 13-21 weeks of pregnancy. Up to 90% of women in this stage notice pink, red, white and brown stretch marks. In terms of location, postpartum stretch marks usually appear on the abdomen, chest, legs, thighs, and hips. During pregnancy, a mother’s body weight increases significantly. The skin on the body is also stretched as much as possible leading to stretch marks.
Stretch marks are often accompanied by itchy skin due to excessively dry and stretchy skin. Sometimes the stretched skin is scaly white. These are the skin cells that are damaged and pushed to the surface, forming dry flakes. Usually after birth, stretch marks are dark red or purple along the length of the abdomen. These cracks are quite thick and close together, so invisible, many women panic because they are too scary.
How to prevent?
Once stretched, it is very difficult to completely rule out these stretch marks, but the prevention will help you partially limit the risk of stretch marks.
The simplest way to prevent stretch marks is to avoid gaining weight too quickly during pregnancy, just ensure the weight gain is up to the standard.
Notes when stretching
Stretch marks do not affect your health, but to avoid adverse effects on the skin and aesthetics, you should pay attention:
Massage to increase blood circulation.
Apply moisturizer to the stretched area to keep the skin soft, elastic.
Depending on the stretch and the skin “heals” or “evil” that the process of “changing skin” (exfoliation) helps to fade stretch marks more or less.
Eat plenty of foods good for the skin such as those containing vitamins C, E, and zinc.
Depending on the different creams and fragrances, the skin and stretch marks are much or less improved. Usually it only works for new scars. As for stretch marks that are already long ago, it is almost ineffective.
There is practically no way to restore damaged stretch marks back to normal other than cosmetic surgery. You should go to a dermatologist to get the best advice on how to use drugs, cosmetics to fade stretch marks.